I see many people in transition who struggle to advance in their careers internally within their own organisations, in almost the same way as if they were involved in an external job search.
Today, many companies have very rigorous internal promotion processes which can be as daunting as looking for a position outside a current organisation.
However, there are many common elements and they require the same structured approach to achieve success. Just like an external job search, the process can take up to a year, further complicated by competition against colleagues, some of whom may have become friends. Some companies even go to the expense of conducting external executive searches to benchmark the quality of their internal talent pipeline.
Over the years I’ve noticed what has become an all too familiar pattern with ten barriers to success:
- Lack of expertise in self-promotion: many are unused to dealing with this type of process and are simply confused. This is compounded by a refusal to ask for help. Many in established positions have no idea how neutral input can make a difference to the outcome. Very often organisations will fund transition coaching especially at a senior level. Ask, and if they say “no”, don’t hesitate invest in yourself.
- Lack of self-awareness: most people make very little time to think about themselves – their skills, goals, achievements, vision and passions. Those who are still employed are equally as guilty as job seekers of this, perhaps more so because they know the organisation and the players. They think they can ” wing it ” on the day. A thorough inventory of achievements and skills should always be made as part of any on going career strategy. Internal candidates quite frequently have less interview exposure than externals so their self presentation skills can be more rusty.
- Stuck in “yes / but” : Many want to make a change and explore new methodologies but get stuck in self-sabotaging thoughts and behaviours. They are unable to make that paradigm shift to get there. As Einstein pointed out “Insanity: doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results.”
- Avoidance strategies: transitioning professionally takes a lot of work and many are not prepared to run the hard yards. They get caught up in the cyber black hole of “busyness” , unproductive work on computers of all sizes, convincing themselves they are working effectively, when they are clearly not. Business plans have to be prepared, strategic value to market statements must be created, plus whatever other activities organisations demands (personality and psychological testing for example.) All of this is time-consuming.
- Low self-esteem and or anxiety: these two psychological states are frequent bed fellows which feed on each other to produce the “busyness” above. Fear of failure maybe at the root of these dangerous emotions or perhaps there have been some missed or failed opportunities in the past. Falling into the low self-esteem cycle undermines productivity and ultimately success. Find a coach, a mentor or a neutral friend or colleague to support you.
- Poor time management: whether in employment or on a job search a structured approach to time management is critical. Goals should be set, plans made and implemented and time planned.
- Failure to set goals: internal candidates are well-known to their management which has both negatives and positives. It’s not enough to pitch up, suited and booted to give a brilliantly polished performance on the day. Strategic preparation over an extended period is critical, including professional image management. If your appearance look like a sack of spanners most days in the office, a one day transformation for the interview will not be enough.
- Lack of both mentors and sponsors: for the necessary support. Implement some visibility raising strategies to raise your profile within your company. It is really easy to neglect an internal network. Create some strategic alliances.
- Failure to evaluate the competition. Is your manager sponsoring you? If so, is he/she also sponsoring others for the position? Find out what you need to do to get full and unqualified support. Be aware of who the other candidates might be and their relative strengths and weaknesses.
- No Plan B: in very competitive internal processes which might have long-term career impact, as part of the planning process ask yourself what you want to do if you are not successful. Having a “Plan B” is key – will you stay on and try again? Does this mean your career will have stalled? It’s important to understand what your next steps will be and create a plan in advance. Knowing that a potential key resource may leave an organisation can be a factor. Make sure your external network is in place too, as your ” just in case” safety net.
So whether an external or internal candidate, the career transition process carries many common elements! What would you add?